ischemic heart disease

Introduction:

All over the world, the most leading cause of death by cardiac disease. An ischemic heart attack is one of the most abundant causes a leading cause of death. Ischemic heart disease is a condition in which, the heart does not receive enough blood pressure and causes chest pain. This condition occurs due to a decrease in the capacity or narrowing of heart arteries. When the arteries become narrowed, it supplies less oxygen to the heart muscles.  Ischemic heart disease is also called coronary heart disease.

Cause of ischemic heart disease:

In European countries, the ratio of ischemic heart patients is about 47% of death per year.  The major cause of ischemic heart disease is the dispossession of cholesterol on the arterial wall that supplies blood to the heart, which is called atherosclerosis. The deposition of cholesterol may form plaque. Due to the decreasing supply of oxygenated blood to the heart muscle, it becomes weaker and reduces the heart muscle’s ability to pump.

Ischemic heart disease is a slow process; it may become quicker when over the use of junk items. And after some time, it suddenly causes the blockage of an artery and heart attack to occur. Some other causes of disease are:

  • Family history
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • High level of cholesterol
  • Abnormal deposition of protein in tissue and organ (amyloidosis)
  • Kidney disease (in end-stage)
  • Alcohol and drug abuse
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • hypertension

Symptoms of ischemic heart disease:

 With the decrease in the blood flow to the coronary artery, many of the symptoms can occur. Which have different intensities among different individuals. The common symptoms are facing by the ischemic heart patient are:

  • A breathing problem such as shortness of breath
  • Increase chest pressure, fluid deposition in the lung
  • cough
  • Chest pain called angina
  • Abdomen swelling
  • Fatigue is an extreme level
  • Heart palpitation
  • Swelling in your lower extremity such as leg, feet
  • Overweight gain
  • Difficulty in sleeping

How can we diagnose ischemic heart disease?

In ischemic heart disease, the greater age male is more affected rather than female, If the person feels some suspected symptoms, which are written above paragraph. They need to visit a heart specialist known as a cardiologist to investigate it. Following are the diagnostic tools that are used in the conformation of ischemic heart disease:

  • A blood test to identify the cholesterol level and triglyceride in the blood.
  • X-ray
  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • Echocardiogram to check the heart function working by ultrasonic waves
  • Electrocardiograms such as EKG, ECG record electrical activity of the heart.

Treatment:

There are many ways to treat ischemic heart disease. By the change your lifestyle, you can fight against the disease. By making a proper diet plan, avoid harmful activities helps in getting rid of the disease.

Medication can also prescribe to reduce the symptoms of the disease such as beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, a blood thinner, and so on.

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